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The Gym Jargon

As in every industry we have our share of jargon and phrases that are used regularly. Here are a few you will come across:

Cardio
This is short for cardiovascular and is the exercise you do that makes your heart and lungs work harder, i.e. you puff more and your heart rate and pulse go up. Typical cardio equipment, you’ll use at the gym are treadmills (running machines), stationary bikes, cross trainers and rowers. Cardio is excellent for general health and fitness, improving endurance and burning calories.

Resistance
Resistance or weight training choices you have are free-weights (the small ones you can hold in your hands are dumbbells and the long bars with a weight on each end are called barbells), fixed weight machines, or your own body weight. Working with weights is not only great for improved strength, shaping and functionality but it is also an excellent way to increase your metabolism and burn more calories.

Reps & sets
When you weight train you will perform a certain number of repetitions (reps) have a short rest and perform another set. Most introductory programmes will compromise of one, two or three sets of 12-15 reps.

SB
Swiss ball is a large rubber ball; the ‘bosu’ is the half ball. These are used to decrease your stability when exercising, thus making the exercise more difficult.

DB
Dumb Bells are the small hand held weights which vary from 1 – 50kg’s. These are great for increasing your muscle tone and co-ordination and can be used standing up, sitting or lying down .

BB
These are the long silver bars that extra weights are put onto to perform a number of exercises usually on a bench or in a squat rack. (The bars usually weigh 20kg’s just by themselves).

Intervals
This type of training is when you vary the intensity at which you work as opposed to ‘steady state’ training i.e. you might work hard for a short period of time at a high intensity then drop the level and recover before repeating the pattern.

HRTZ
Heart Rate Training Zone. Your personal trainer or gym instructor can tell you more about the training zone most suitable for you.